The third molars that grow in humans in early adolescence are known as wisdom teeth. Typically, there are four wisdom teeth, but the number varies in certain people. In most people developing of these teeth is a normal painless process. However, in many cases, these teethes appear to not develop properly. They cause excruciating pain in such cases; and though over the counter painkillers offer respite in some cases, most patients have to remove their teeth.
Impacted wisdom teeth
Between the ages of 17 and 21, the wisdom teeth, known as third molars begin to develop in humans. By this time, however, all the remaining teeth have been fully developed for over a decade. This could cause teeth to become impacted; meaning that they may grow at an odd angle or sideways instead of straight, due to lack of space or such other reasons. An impacted tooth can cause no problems whatsoever, however, in certain cases, it may cause swelling of the gums or even pain in the gums or the ear. If the impacted tooth is partially appeared, it can accumulate food and other debris causing infections. The teeth could also develop decay or give effect to a cyst or other harmless jaw tumors which could, in rare cases, lead to the destruction of the bone. It is in situations like these that dentist suggests removal or extraction of teeth.
Wisdom teeth extraction
Many times when teeth create problems such as pain or infection in patients, they are advised to see an oral or maxillofacial surgeon. There are even cases when teeth give rise to infection, in which case removing the decade tooth is the best available option of treatment. Even your dentist can help you in these cases, by removing your wisdom tooth using local anaesthesia or ultrasonic scaler. Usually teeth extraction cost depends on a lot of factors like what kind of infection you are dealing with, how much decay or damage is present, whether you need just one wisdom tooth taken out or more than one; and so on. Depending on all these factors, your dentist can decide if it will take five minutes or a good half hour or even a surgery for your teeth removal.
Excessive bleeding may occur after the surgery but less than one in one-hundred patients has excessive or persistent bleeding which is difficult to stop. Usually, bleeding stops completely within 6 hours following teeth extraction. Small amounts of blood are normal within the first two days after the surgery.
Another possible complication following wisdom teeth extraction is difficulty opening your mouth. This is known as trismus. Your jaw may feel stiff and become locked, and you may find it difficult to brush your teeth, talk, or eat normally. This happens due to an injury of the medial pterygoid muscle, and there are different reasons for it occurring. It may be that your mouth stayed open for too long, while other reasons are injury caused by a needle, swelling, hematoma, and inflammation. In most cases, this is only temporary.
Dry socket is another complication after wisdom teeth removal, and this occurs when a blood clot fails to form in the socket. Most research studies report that dry socket occurs in 5 to 10 percent of cases after wisdom teeth removal. How to avoid dry socket? There are certain things you can do, including avoiding vigorous swishing and rinsing with water, spitting, smoking, and suction, i.e. drinking liquids with a straw. Avoid these for three days after the surgery. In addition, you should avoid activities that are likely to change the pressure in the oral cavity, for example, playing some musical dental equipment Other things to avoid include having carbonated beverages such as alcohol and pop soda as well as vigorous physical activity.