Dry mouth is the condition of the mouth wherein the salivary glands do not produce sufficient saliva. Everyone may experience this kind of condition if under stressful conditions. These occurrences are rare and short-lived though. For more permanent symptoms mouth that is dry is usually cause by the following:
Medications Prescription and nonprescription drugs such as treatments for depression, anxiety, pain, allergies and colds (antihistamines and decongestants), obesity, acne, epilepsy, hypertension, diarrhea, nausea, psychotic disorders, urinary incontinence, asthma, and Parkinson’s disease may cause this kind of condition. Muscle relaxants and sedatives may trigger dry mouth too.
Diseases and Infections Aside from prescription and nonprescription drugs, dry mouth can be a side effect of medical conditions such as Sjogren’s syndrome, HIV or AIDS, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, anemia, cystic fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, Parkinson’s disease, stroke and mumps.You can use the best dental equipment during the dental care practice.
Medical Treatments Some medical treatments bring about damages to the salivary glands (glands that produce saliva). Radiation Therapy from the head to the neck and Chemotherapy for cancer is one direct example of medical treatments that can reduce the amount of saliva produced by the individual undergoing treatment.
Side effects of medical treatments:
Impaired salivary production can result from certain treatments such as radiation to the head and neck for cancer, and chemotherapy.
Nerve damage during surgery could impair the function of salivary glands. Depending how bad the damage is the nerve could repair itself to some degree in time.
Surgical removal of salivary glands might on occasion be necessary, and of course reduce the amount of saliva available.
Smokers tend to have relatively dry mouths due to the constant influx of hot smoke. Not only do the chemicals in the smoke irritate the mouth lining, and tongue, but the heat of the smoke reduces the amount of moisture on teeth and gums. Over a period of time this has an adverse effect by changing the balance of the bacterial populations in the mouth, contributing significantly to bad breath. The long term powerful adverse effect of heat from cigarette smoke can be seen in smokers by the way collagen is destroyed particularly around the edges of the mouth, often leading to deep wrinkles or fissures radiating from the top lip. Discolouration of the skin around the mouth can also often be seen
Another irritating and drying agent is alcohol, and anyone drinking more than a couple of units of alcohol a day will experience some drying of the inside lining of the mouth, encouraging the production of bad breath forming bacteria.
It is wise, both for the sake of your mouth and your general health, to stay well hydrated at all times. It’s recommended by many health experts that you drink 6-8 glasses of water a day or have the equivalent amount of liquid. Adequate water is essential for very many of the processes of the body necessary for maintenance and function.
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