Teeth are created from different layers. The hard outer layer helps for chewing the food. While porous inner dentine layer that stays beneath gum line contains pulp chamber, blood vessels and bonding tissue that holds the teeth with gums and tooth’s vital nerves. When these nerves beneath the tooth line stimulated and comes in with direct touch of hot or cold food creates sensitivity. Sensitive teeth, also known as dentine hypersensitivity is mainly caused by cavities, gum recession and tooth decay. However, it could easily be prevented by taking little care of the teeth regularly by brushing twice or thrice a day and cleaning gaps between the teeth with special brush like Colgate interdental brush.
A dentine layer that usually resides below the gum line is covered with thousands of tiny pores and tubules. The ends of these tiny tubes are covered with enamel. When this enamel gets damage due to cavities or teeth decay, the tubules became open and the nerves come in direct touch with food taken. It cause sensitivity or pain against hot or cold water, sweet drinks, sugary food and even while brushing. Tooth decay and cavities are the common cause for such problems while some other are over brushing and brushing with extreme pressure, bad bite, clenching, grinding teeth, fractured or broken teeth and use of some harsh chemical for teeth whitening. Many of these are natural and unavoidable while some of the causes like cavities and tooth decay can be prevented or cured in early stages to prevent teeth sensitivity. There is no permanent solution for the problem however some clinical treatment and better home care can be effective in relieving teeth sensitivity.
Some people are genetically predisposed to have sensitive teeth and gums. The artificial whitening process may not be recommended for such people. The second very important factor that may cause tooth sensitivity even in people with no prior history of this problem is the stability of the bleaching agent. If the bleaching agent causes an acidic reaction, it may result in tooth sensitivity. Therefore, it is advisable to use a bleaching agent under the supervision and guidance of teeth whitening dentists only.
Some patients may experience tooth sensitivity even dentist-supervised at-home teeth whitening process. This may happen if the patient does not apply the bleach formula as per the directions of the dentist. If the gums are not properly covered or protected against the agent, it may cause sensitivity because the gum tissue is very delicate against any abrasive agents.
Although twice a day brushing is recommended, anything more than that will lead to erosion of outer enamel coating of tooth resulting in tooth sensitivity. Too much brushing is unnecessary. A toothbrush with soft bristles is a must. Hard toothbrushes eat up the enamel. Tobacco usage and addiction to alcohol and others can aggravate the situation further. Avoid sweets and sweet drinks, fruit juices, fermentable carbohydrates and acidic foods when you have a tooth sensation. Watch what you eat. There are several at-home and in-office dental treatments for sensation. At-home remedies include toothpastes, mouthwashes, potassium salts and teeth whitening machine. In office dentinal hypersensitivity treatments consist of dental sealants, fillings over exposed tooth roots, nightguards or mouthguards, fluoride treatments, topical application of potassium nitrate in an aqueous solution or adhesive gel. Other procedures include low level laser therapy. Be sure to have an appointment with your consultant dentist every month.
Now a days, there is no need to get worried before going to dental clinics to get rid off sensitivity as renowned new aged dentists can truly cure this illness from the root by using some pain free dentistry methodologies which assures no pain and only gain.
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