Periodontal Disease and Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease affects the heart and / or blood vessels. More than 50 million Americans have cardiovascular disease, the number one cause of death and disability in the United States. The underlying cause (atherosclerosis) is usually fairly advanced when heart problems are discovered. Therefore, prevention is the key to changing risk factors such as healthy eating, exercise and non-smoking.

Recent research shows that periodontitis may be related to the development of cardiovascular disease. One theory is that the inflammatory proteins and bacteria in the periodontal tissue get into the bloodstream and have various effects on the cardiovascular system. A recent study investigated the presence of bacteria known to cause periodontitis and thickening of the vessel wall that is common in heart disease. After examining samples from more than 650 subjects, the researchers concluded that increased blood vessel thickening was associated with the presence of the same bacteria in plaque known to cause periodontitis.

Consider many aspects of your health when evaluating your periodontal status and developing a comprehensive treatment plan. Key factors to consider for those at risk of developing or at risk of cardiovascular disease include the severity of the disease, the duration of your illness, the existence of other medical conditions that may affect cardiovascular disease, such as diabetes, and the complications of periodontal disease The existence of risk factors. In addition, dentists can communicate with your doctor to determine the level of care, treatment, and your general health.

Reducing bacteria and eliminating biofilms, above and below the gum line, is important for oral and systemic health. In addition to excellent home care, this can be done with traditional scaling and rooting. Oral hygiene guidance is an important part of the treatment plan for all patients, especially in high-risk patients, such as those with cardiovascular disease. Treatment should focus on the prevention of periodontal disease and oral inflammation. And because we know that even a healthy patient, a bacterial attack, is a risk factor for gingivitis, patients should be encouraged to floss regularly, brush their teeth twice daily, and use toothpaste that provides antimicrobial protection.

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