How the teeth decline
Enamel is a hard outer layer of crystal. Dentin is the softer layer beneath the enamel. The pulp cavity contains nerves and blood vessels and is considered part of the tooth’s life.
Bacteria exposed to sugars or carbohydrates can produce acids, attacking the crystalline material on the outer surface of the teeth. This process is called demineralization. The first sign is a white chalk. At this stage, the decay process can be reversed. The use of fluoride at home and in the dental office can help with tooth repair itself.
Demineralization continues. Enamel began to decompose. Once the enamel surface ruptures, the teeth can no longer repair themselves. The cavity must be cleaned and restored by the dentist.
Decay reaches the dentin, where it can spread and destroy the enamel.
If the decay is not treated, it will reach the pulp containing nerves and blood vessels. Pulp is infected. Abscesses (swelling) or fistulas (opening to the gingival surface) may form in soft tissue.
An important reason for oral guards
Oral care devices are soft plastic or laminating devices used for exercise to prevent oral damage to the teeth, mouth, cheeks, tongue and chin. The American Dental Association estimates that one-third of dental injuries are motor related.1 Using oral protective equipment every year prevents over 200,000 oral injuries.
Types of dental injuries that can occur without the use of an oral care implement are tooth fragmentation, fractures of the crown or bridge, injuries to the lips and cheeks, dental root injury, jaw fractures, and concussion. Any athlete may be at risk of injury and use oral hygiene to prevent any injury.
Mandatory mouth guards are compulsory in collisions such as football, hockey and boxing that may be at risk of injury. Children and adults involved in casual contact sports such as basketball, baseball, softball, wrestling, football and volleyball may consider wearing a mask to prevent injuries.
A study of high school athletes found that 75% of injuries occurred in baseball and basketball when not wearing masks. Nine percent of all athletes experienced some type of oral injury, while the other 3 percent reported loss of consciousness. Fifty-six percent of all concussions suffered without wearing a mask. Trauma about exercise is more common than previously reported
Children or adults, oral health guard for all athletes are essential. For more information on the right fit for your dentist, consult your dentist.